Today Germany celebrates its National Day, the “Tag der deutschen Einheit” !
Today Germany commemorates the reunification of Germany. After WW II Germany got divided into East and West Germany. A fortified wall made sure that interaction between these two Germanys was limited and especially controlled .
Many Germans never believed that they would ever witness a unified Germany again, but November 9th, 1989 should catch them by surprise.
On this fateful day in history the East German government declared that all East Germans were free to go to the West and visit West Germany and West Berlin. Germany and the world went wild! Impactful, dramatic images of that day still captivate us today.
So why don’t we celebrate our German National Day on November 9th after all?
November 9th happens to be a day for a variety of historical events in Germany, and not all were such that they should be honored or remembered positively on a day that shall celebrate the National day of Germany .
November 9th was the day on which the German republic was proclaimed in 1918, and it was also a November 9th when Hitler’s first coup in 1923 was defeated. This ominous date however also marks the anniversary of the Reichskristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass) in 1938, the day of the first large-scale Nazi-led pogroms against Jews.
November 9th therefore did not seem an appropriate date for the German National Day.
October 3rd was chosen instead since this was the day in 1990 when the formal reunification took place.
October 3rd replaced the date of June 17, which used to be the date for “The Day of German Unity” during the days of the BRD ( The Federal Republic of Germany).